Lokhova Tat'yana Vladimirovna, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, department of engineering sciences and management, director of Novorossiysk branch the Kuban State Technological University (20 Karl Marks street, Novorossiysk, Russia),
Lagutin Yuliy Viktorovich, Postgraduate student, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation (49 Leningradskiy avenue, Moscow, Russia), email@example.com
Background. The article considers the conceptual apparatus and general questions of building the knowledge economy, gives indices for measuring the activity of the state, business and society in the direction of establishing a new knowledge economy. Attention is focused on the attributes and levels of interaction between Russia and China in the scientific and technical and innovation spheres, which naturally determines the modernization and efficiency of the national economy, increasing the level of satisfaction of society’s needs, and overall ensuring the improvement of society’s livelihoods.
Materials and methods. In the work such general scientific principles of cognition of economic phenomena as dialectical and structural approaches that allowed to consider the studied mechanisms of the knowledge economy, to reveal the inherent quality and structure, to determine the trends and prospects of their development in Russia and China are applied. The rationale for practical conclusions is made on the basis of the theoretical analysis and generalization of real historical examples of innovative Russian and Chinese breakthroughs.
Results and conclusions. The dissemination and development of the main attributes of the knowledge economy is seen as a promising driver of the country’s economic growth. In modern conditions, the strategies of social and economic development
of the state are called upon to initiate and coordinate a close interconnection between the various components of the knowledge economy both within the country and using the possibilities of international cooperation. Russia and China have all the necessary conditions for interaction: previous experience, territorial proximity, mutually beneficial promising projects. The future of the Chinese economy is connected with the development of scientific and technical potential and innovation system, an important role in which will be played by innovative entrepreneurs and hightech companies. A new model of Russia’s economic development is also associated with innovation and the development of high-tech industries. International cooperation between Russia and China in the innovation sphere will allow to unite the innovative competences of the two countries and achieve a significant synergistic effect.
We assume that the developed strategies for innovative development of Russia and China should take into account the spatial aspect of innovative development and the developed scientific potential of individual regions of the Russian Federation and
Chinese provinces. As the results of the research showed, for Russia it is extremely important to study China’s successful experience in implementing state policy to support innovation.
1. Druker P. Effektivnoe upravlenie. Ekonomicheskie zadachi i optimal'nye resheniya [Effective management. Economic tasks and optimal solutions]. Transl. from Engl. by M. Kotel'nikova. Moscow: FAIR-PRESS, 1998, 288 p.
2. Toffler E. Shok budushchego [Shock of the future]. Moscow: AST, 2002, 557 p.
3. Bell D. Gryadushchee postindustrial'noe obshchestvo [The coming post-industrial society]. Moscow: Academia, 2004, 788 p.
4. Our Competitive Future: Building the Knowledge Economy. London: United Kingdom Department of Trade and Industry, 1998. Available at: http://webarchive.nationalarchi ves.gov.uk (accessed May 05, 2018).
5. Knowledge-economy. Available at: https://dictionary.cambridge.org (accessed May 10, 2018).
6. Pavlova O. N. Ekonomika znaniy [Knowledge economy]. Saint-Petersburg: Universitet ITMO, 2017, 123 p.
7. Skvortsova V. A., Skvortsov A. O. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Ekonomicheskie nauki [University proceedings. Volga region. Economic sciences]. 2014, no. 1, pp. 12–21.
8. Houghton J., Sheehan P. A Primer on the Knowledge Economy. Melbourne: Victoria University: Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, 2000. Available at: https://core.ac.uk (accessed May 05, 2018).
9. Skvortsov A. O., Skvortsova V. A. Izvestiya Penzenskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. V. G. Belinskogo. Obshchestvennye nauki [Proceedings of the Penza State Pedagogical University. Social Sciences]. 2012, no. 28, pp. 554–561.
10. Hadad Sh. Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy. 2017, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 203–225.
11. Ministerstvo tsifrovogo razvitiya, svyazi i massovykh kommunikatsiy RF [Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation]. Available at: http://minsvyaz.ru/ru/activity/statistic/rating/indeks-ekonomikiznanij
(accessed Apr. 21, 2018).
12. Raskhody na NIOKR v Rossii v 2017 godu [R&D expenses in Russia in 2017]. Available at: http://www.e-vesti.ru/ru/rashody-rossii-na-niokr-v-2017-godu-okolo-6-rashodovknr (accessed Apr. 19, 2018).
13. Federal'naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoy statistiki [Federal State Statistics Service]. Moscow, 2017. Available at: http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/population/trud/itog_monitor/itog-monitor1-17.html (accessed Apr. 10, 2018).
14. Garazha N. A. Ekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo [Economy and entrepreneurship]. 2016, no. 9 (74), pp. 107–111.
15. Mel'nikas B. Ekonomika znaniy: internatsionalizatsiya i sistematika innovatsiy [Knowledge Economy: internationalization and systematics of innovations]. Vil'nyus: Litovskiy innovatsionnyy tsentr, 2013, 704 p.
16. Maksakovskiy V. P. Ekonomika znaniy [Knowledge Economy]. Smolensk: Universum, 2012, 104 p.
17. Kovalev M. M., Sin Van. Kitay stroit ekonomiku znaniy [China builds knowledge economy]. Minsk: Izd. tsentr BGU, 2015, 152 p.
18. Obzor Doklada Vsemirnogo banka o mirovom razvitii 2017 g. «Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie i zakon» [Review of the World Bank’s 2017 World Development Report “Government and Law”]. Available at: http://documents.vsemirnyjbank.org/curated/ru
(accessed May 05, 2018).
19. Lokhova T. V., Mikhaylenko A. V. Vestnik Novorossiyskogo filiala Finansovogo universiteta, posvyashch. Dnyu rossiyskoy nauki [Bulletin of the Novorossiysk branch of the Financial University, dedicated to the Day of Russian Science]. Krasnodar, 2017,
20. Kontseptsii dolgosrochnogo sotsial'no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya RF na period do 2020 goda [The concept of long-term socio-economic development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020]. Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/
cons_doc_LAW_82134/28c7f9e359e8af09d7244d8033c66928fa27e527 (accessed May 10, 2018).
21. Prognoz sotsial'no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii na 2018 god i na planovyy period 2019 i 2020 godov [Prognosis of the socio-economic development of the Russian Federation for 2018 and for the planning period of 2019 and 2020]. Available at: http://economy.gov.ru (accessed May 13, 2018).
22. Burtseva I. A., Romanova V. Yu., Kontorusova S. S. Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie nauki i gumanitarnye issledovaniya [Socio-economic sciences and humanities studies]. 2015, no. 6, pp. 13–24.
23. Untura G. A. Prostranstvennaya ekonomika [Spatial Economics]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 88–105.
24. Krapchina L. N., Frolov D. V. Molodoy uchenyy [Young scientist]. 2016, no. 14, pp. 351–353.
25. Stroitel'stvo NPZ v Kitae i NKhK na Dal'nem Vostoke [Construction of refineries in China and the NHC in the Far East]. Available at: https://www.rosneft.ru/business/Downstream/refining/Construction/ (accessed May 15, 2018).